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Term Definition
Abdominal bloating

Swollen Stomach

Abnormally formed bones in the leg or foot

bones in the legs and feet that are not formed properly which is something that would be found during a medical exam and show up on xrays

Abnormally formed hip bones/joints

Hip bones and joints that are not formed properly which is something that would be found during a medical exam and show up on xrays

Absence seizures

stopping activity and staring into space for a few seconds

Absent or weak DTR

Lack of normal reflexes when a doctor taps each joint with a 'reflex hammer'. DTR stands for 'deep tendon reflex'.


having fine needles inserted into various points on the body to relieve pain or for therapeutic purposes


A surgery that removes the adenoids in an attempt to reduce frequent sinus and ear infections


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, easily distracted, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity (over-activity). Attention deficit disorder (ADD) can occur without the hyperactivity.

Allergic rhinitis (hay fever)

watery eyes and sinus infections (stuffy nose) caused by allergic reactions

Angelman Syndrome

A genetic disorder causing severe delays in understanding and speech, seizures and problems with balance, along with frequent smiling and laughing.

Antibody titers to vaccination

A laboratory test that measures the presence and amount of antibodies in blood. When a vaccine works, the body produces antibodies.

Anxiety disorder

Excessive anxiety and worry about a number of events or activities.

Aortic stenosis

Abnormal narrowing of the aortic heart valve opening.

Apnea (obstructive, not neurologic)

Temporary interruption of breathing due to obstruction of the upper airway, often associated with a reduction in blood oxygen saturation.

Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA)

Evidence-based method for teaching children with disabilities. It is the only treatment for Autistic Spectrum disorders approved by the American FDA (Food and Drug Administration.)

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