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Term Definition
Echocardiogram (Echo)

A test that uses sound waves (ultrasound) to create a moving picture of the heart o look at the structure and function of the heart.


An abnormal accumulation of fluid in the body. Can occur around joints, in the lung or around the heart.

Electrocardiogram (EKG)

An electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) is a test that checks for problems with the electrical activity of your heart.

Electroencephalography (EEG)

A measure of brain waves to show the type and location of the activity in the brain during a seizure. It also is used to evaluate people who are having problems associated with brain function.

Emergency (fetal distress)

Low oxygen levels in the the unborn young. Signs of this distress can include decreased movement felt by the mother, abnormal substances in the amniotic fluid and an abnormal fetal heart rate.

Emergency (maternal distress)

Abnormal condition of a mother during labor. Signs can include the mother feels weak, apathetic or sick; her labor is prolonged; she complains of dehydration and electronic monitoring shows rising pulse, temperature, etc.

Enlarged aorta

The aorta is the artery that delivers blood from the heart into the abdomen. The term 'enlarged aorta' can describe small bulges or enlargements in all directions.

Enlarged aortic root

The portion of the artery that is connected to the heart is called the aortic root. If it becomes enlarged ('aortic root dialation') it can cause the artery to leak.

Enlarged heart

(Also called 'cardiomegaly') A symptom seen on a chest X-ray before other tests are performed to diagnose specific heart condition.

Enlarged pulmonary artery

Enlargement of either of the two arteries that convey oxygen-depleted blood from the heart to the lungs.

Enlarged/Dilated Ventricles

The natural cavity within the brain is enlarged, often suggesting damage to or loss of brain tissue.


Larger than normal artery which carries blood from the heart to the lungs.

Epicanthal Folds

fold of skin covers the inner corner of the eye, common in Down Syndrome

Excessive burping

Burping or belching is the ejection of gas from the gut, through the mouth.Excessive burping could be due to an allergic reaction to some food items or wrong eating habits.

Excessive gas

Excessive gas may be a sign of certain digestive health conditions, like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

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