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Augmentative communication system

The representation system or symbols used in Augmentative and Alternative Communication include gestures, hand signal, photographs, pictures, line drawings, words and letters[2], which can be used alone or in combination to communicate.

Autistic enterocolitis

is a controversial term first used by [1] British gastroenterologist Andrew Wakefield to describe a number of common clinical symptoms and signs which he contends are distinctive to autism.

Autoimmune Liver Failure

A disease of the liver that occurs when a person's immune system attacks her or his own liver cells.

Baby presented breech or transverse

During pregnancy, a fetus is said to be in a “breech” presentation when the buttocks of the baby are presenting first at the bottom of the uterus, and the head is in the upper part. “Transverse” means a sideways position. The baby has his head to one of his mother’s sides and the bottom across her abdomen at her other side.


Jerky or shaking movements of the arms or legs, especially such movements occurring in chorea.

Barium swallow radiograph

Upper gastrointestinal tract radiography, also called an upper GI, is an x-ray examination of the pharynx, esophagus, stomach and first part of the small intestine that uses a special form of x-ray called fluoroscopy and an orally ingested contrast material called barium.

Behavioral audiometry

A hearing test used in infants to observe their behavior in response to certain sounds.

Bicuspid aortic valve

A bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a defect of the aortic valve that results in the formation of two leaflets or cusps instead of the normal three.


Bi-level Positive Airway Pressure - a breathing apparatus that helps people get more air into their lungs. It uses air pressure to keep the airways open.

Bipolar/manic depression

A psychiatric diagnosis that describes a category of mood disorders defined by the presence of one or more episodes of abnormally elevated energy levels, cognition, and mood with or without one or more depressive episodes.

Birth trauma

Physical trauma of childbirth

Bitemporal Narrowing

size of the head above the eyebrows is narrow


Any abnormal general swelling, or increase in diameter of the abdominal area.

Blood lead level (BLL)

Blood lead level (BLL), is a measure of lead in the body. It is measured in micrograms of lead per deciliter of blood (_g/dL); 10 µg/dL is equivalent to 0.48 micromoles per liter (µmol/L).


Bronchopulminary displasia. Damage to, or poor development, of the breathing airways.

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